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MAJORELLE, Louis Majorelle biography by Senses-ArtNouveau.com



French Decorator, furniture designer and manufacturer

Toul 1859 - Nancy 1926 Artist-decorator, cabinet maker and manufacturer After his studies in Nancy, Louis Majorelle was, in 1877, went to Pthe Paris School of Fine Art. On his father's death, two years later, he was obliged to return to Nancy. With his brother he took over the family faience and furniture-making factory.

In 1894, Louis Majorelle created a complete new collection models using inlays inspired by naturalism and symbolism. Particularly well-known as a cabinet maker, Louis Majorelle produced two main types of furniture : a luxury furniture collection alongside with a less expensive one.

Louis Majorelle introduced metal working in his workshops to produce bronzes as furniture decoration, and, in 1896 in collaboration with Daum, for use as lights. His numerous activities led him to open a number of retail shops. And in 1901 he was appointed vice-president of the famous School of Nancy

The production of Louis Majorelle workshops after 1918, was to became less floral and more geometric in what would be called later ART DECO. He died in 1926.

His early work was in a Rococo style but as a member of the Nancy School he was influenced by Gallé and adopted Art Nouveau forms, creating an individual, elegant style. He favoured exotic and strongly grained woods, such as mahogany, and often used gilt bronze mounts. Like Gallé's, his decoration was based on sinuous forms and natural motives.

Majorelle had become so successful that he was one of the main producer of Art Nouveau furniture and certainly the most famous. Major works:
- villa Majorelle (NANCY 1902)
- high quality wood furniture with marquetery and/or bronze inlaids

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